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Medical Emergency of the Day: First-aid kits

Overview

 
1. A well-stocked first-aid kit can help you respond effectively to common injuries and emergencies. Keep at least one first-aid kit in your home and one in your car. Store your kits in easy-to-retrieve locations that are out of the reach of young children. Children old enough to understand the purpose of the kits should know where they are stored.
2. You can purchase first-aid kits at many drugstores or assemble your own.

Actions to be taken

Medications
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1.
Activated charcoal (use only if instructed by your poison control center)
2.
Aloe vera gel
3.
Anti-diarrhea medication
4.
Over-the-counter oral antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl, others)
5.
Aspirin and nonaspirin pain relievers (never give aspirin to children)
6.
Calamine lotion
7.
Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream
8.
Personal medications that don't need refrigeration
9.
If prescribed by your doctor, drugs to treat an allergic attack, such as an auto-injector of epinephrine (EpiPen, Twinject, others)
Basic Supplies in a first aid kit
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Adhesive tape
2.
Antibiotic ointment
3.
Antiseptic solution or towelettes
4.
Bandages, including a roll of elastic wrap (Ace, Coban, others) and bandage strips (Band-Aid, Curad, others) in assorted sizes
5.
Instant cold packs
6.
Cotton balls and cotton-tipped swabs
7.
Disposable latex or synthetic gloves, at least two pair
8.
Duct tape
9.
Gauze pads and roller gauze in assorted sizes
10.
First-aid manual
11.
Petroleum jelly or other lubricant
12.
Plastic bags for the disposal of contaminated materials
13.
Safety pins in assorted sizes
14.
Scissors and tweezers
15.
Soap or instant hand sanitizer
16.
Sterile eyewash, such as a saline solution
17.
Thermometer
18.
Triangular bandage
19.
Turkey baster or other bulb suction device for flushing out wounds
20.
Syringe, medicine cup or spoon
Emergency items
  
1.
Emergency phone numbers, including contact information for your family doctor and pediatrician, local emergency services, emergency road service providers and the regional poison control center
2.
Medical history forms
3.
Small, waterproof flashlight and extra batteries
4.
Candles and matches
5.
Sunscreen
6.
Emergency space blanket
Give your kit a checkup
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Check your first-aid kits regularly, at least every three months, to be sure the flashlight batteries work and to replace supplies that have expired.
None
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1.
Consider taking a first-aid course